50 years ago, Frantz Fanon died of leukemia

50 years ago, the controversial Frantz Fanon died of leukemia in Bethesda, Maryland. He was 36 years old. His work includes Black Skin, White Masks and The Wretched of the Earth, one of my favorite books.

The website Pambazuka News has a couple of articles about the legacy of the Martiniquo-Algerian author.

Fifty years since the untimely death on 6 December 1961 of Frantz Fanon, he continues to have immense relevance in our times. His writings were focused on the dialectics of the colonised and the coloniser during the era of the 1960s. Whilst that era has passed, new forms of colonialism between Africa and the former colonial powers, or Africa and the developed world, now manifest in the 21st century.

Fanon had a clear grasp of the problems confronting emerging African states. The core themes pervading his radical perspective forged from his role as a scholar, psychiatrist and political activist are: The indispensability of revolutionary violence to decolonisation, class struggle in Africa, neocolonialism, alienation and his profound commitment to freedom. What he would make of the myriad socio-economic and political problems facing Africans and people of African descent today with the intellectual tools of analysis he bequeathed is the focus of this article.


If Fanon were alive today, his message would remain that it is imperative the wretched of the earth, particularly in Africa, confront the fact that class oppression in Africa comes from fellow Africans with black skins who comprise a conceited oligarchy which takes seriously its role as the intermediary of the international conglomerates plundering the continent.

Ama Biney, Fanon’s enduring relevance

Also read:

Frantz Fanon: Prophet of African liberation
by Cameron Duodu

‘Toward the African Revolution’
In the wake of Frantz Fanon

Aziz Salmone Fall
Fanon and ‘The Fact of Blackness’
Chambi Chachage

Frantz Fanon: My hope and hero
Orlando Patterson

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